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Containing Communism In 1947 in an effort to halt or contain the advance of communism in Europe and especially in Greece and Turkey President Truman announced the policy known as the Truman Doctrine by which the United States furnished military and economic aid to countries threatened by aggression and subversion An important adjunct of this policy was the Marshall Plan proposed in June 1947 by Secretary of State George C Marshall Officially designated the European Recovery Program it was a broad program of economic rehabilitation The policy of containment was expanded to the western hemisphere in 1947 when the United States joined with 18 other American nations in signing the Rio Treaty promising mutual defense and assistance against aggression on any of the signatory nations In 1948 the United States agreed to the establishment of the Organization of American States OAS to settle disputes among the nations of the Americas As part of his worldwide campaign against communism President Truman also implemented the Point Four Program to aid developing nations in Asia Africa and Latin America1 Truman Doctrine policy first set forth by United States President Harry S Truman in 1947 The immediate objective of the policy was to send US aid to anti-Communist forces in Greece and Turkey but it was later expanded to justify support for any nation that the United States government believed was threatened by Communism during the Cold War period2 Moves and Countermoves US officials concerned over Soviet pressures against Iran and Turkey interpreted a 1946 speech by Stalin as declaring ideological war against the West In 1947 the president proposed the Truman Doctrine which had two objectives to send US aid to anticommunist forces in Greece and Turkey and to create a public consensus so Americans would be willing to fight the cold war He achieved both goals That same year journalist Walter Lippmann popularized the term cold war in a book of the same
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