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Word Count: 495
Ecumenical movement is an organization for the worldwide cooperation and unity among Christian Churches The term ecumenical is derived from the Greek word oikoumen meaning inhabited In the 19th century the term ecumenical came to denote the Roman Catholic Church a concern for Christian unity and for a renewal of the church On the other hand to the Protestant who have pioneered and advanced the modern ecumenical movement since the early 20th Century the term has applied not only to Christian unity but also to the worldwide mission of Christianity The World Missionary Conference of 1910 held in Edinburgh marked the beginning of modern ecumenism From it flowed three streams of ecumenical endeavour evangelistic service and doctrinal Today these three aspects are furthered through the World Council of Churches constituted in 1948 The evangelical concern of modern ecumenism brought about the formation in 1921 of the International Missionary Council comprising 17 national mission organizations It coordinated mission strategy and aided new churches The service efforts made by Christians across denominational and national boundaries came to fruition in 1925 in Stockholm when the Universal Christian Conference on Life and Work was convened to study the application of the gospel to industrial social political and international affairs This movement proceeded under the slogan service unites but doctrine divides The movement towards doctrinal ecumenism resulted in 1927 in the convening of the First World Conference on Faith and Order The conference concluded that God wills unityandhowever we may justify the beginnings of disunion we lament its continuance A second Conference on Faith and Order met in Edinburgh in 1937 the year in which another Life and Work Conference met at the University of Oxford Delegates to the two conferences agreed that their work should be coordinated and in 1938 a provisional committee was named to establish a body representative of the Churches Formation of the World Council of Churches which was to have come about in 1941 was
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