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Gaining independence for Indonesia was a struggle It was something Indonesia had to fight for Leading up to Indonesias independence in 1949 Indonesia had to fight against invasions made by the Dutch British Japanese and the Portuguese Sukarto at the end of world war two made the break through of independence Indonesia claimed its independence on August 17 1945 The first president of the new nation was Sukarno World Book Encyclopedia 1992 Volume 10 pg 202 When the Japanese began to lose World War Two in the pacific they promised to grant independence to the Indonesians World Book Encyclopedia 1992 Volume 10 pg 201 On August 14 1945 the Japanese surrendered to the Allies and two days later Sukarno proclaimed the independent Republic of Indonesia Burke 1999 pg 114 On August 18 the nationalists had set up the government of the independent Republic of Indonesia At a meeting of nationalists leaders Sukarno was elected president and Dr Hatta was elected vice president The Japanese invasion had shown people that the colonial rulers were not able to protect them especially when the protection was most needed RajendraLower 1994 pg 254 In the period of the Japanese occupation the population of Indonesia had to look after themselves and they saw no reason why life should not go on without the colonial rulers To prevent the continuation of the Dutch rule meant that they needed to show a strong army of resistance towards the Dutch Sukarnos first task of presidency was to organise this army RajendraLower 1994 pg 256 The Dutch made a huge impact on Indonesia Workers of Indonesia worked harder with less pay Burke 1999 All economic benefits were never evenly spread among the population The people of Banda were exterminated so the Dutch could gain control of the nutmeg trade Rice production dropped due to more sugar crops The Dutch used military force against the Indonesians to assert their control They built Dutch-style buildings which
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