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Literature and art have led a close and mutually influential relationship through the ages Literary works have influenced a predominant majority of artists from the great to the lesser and common Michelangelo is considered by many as the greatest artist of the Renaissance and one whom was also greatly influenced by various literature He grew up during a period of Enlightenment which encouraged learning and the development of new ideas Classical philosophies of Plato and Aristotle were rediscovered and became influential in determining the direction of the philosophy of art For example Artistoles Poetics became the basis for writings on the visual arts and also literature as well as giving rise to ideas about the purpose and creation of art and beauty Aristotle stated that words and an image have certain similarities Both imitate and perfect nature and both do so through plot word or design image both employ narrative devices and both tell many of the same stories This idea was employed by Michelangelo who based his works predominately on stories and images from the Bible his famous fresco of the Creation of Adam for example Due in part to the fact that a large portion of his work was commissioned by the Church as well as the popularity of pictures based on the Christian tradition that pervaded the period The philosophy of art in the Renaissance was based upon certain essential texts such as Leon Battista Albertis Trilogy On Painting On Sculpture and On Architecture Marilio Ficinos Commentary on Platos Symposium Leonardos Treatise and Gerogio Vasars Lives Michelangelo was influenced by the ideas that surfaced through these works especially that of Alberti and followed both him and Leonardo in determining perspective and anatomy In his ideals of beauty that connected his art he prescribed to the ideas of his contemporaries and immediate predecessors Ascanio Condivi one of his pupils and later his biographer wrote that Michelangelo
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