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Word Count: 1,333
The history of prison in American started from in the 17th century and 18th century beginning with Pennsylvania and Auburn system There are nine stages of prisons of development to where we are now j Who are the citizens in our prisons today There are many different types of programs and work-related training in prisons Today prisons are no were near where they were over 200 years ago and many things had to take place to get to where we are today in our prison systemUntil the mid-18th century fines punishment banishment from the community corporal punishment and execution were the primary forms of punishing offenders Later during the late 17th century incarceration was a championed as more humane form of punishment Two prisons system that change the United States are Pennsylvania and Auburn prison system develop as the turn of 19th century The Quakers wanted a method of punishment that was more humane than public corporeal punishment During the 18th century an elite group of Philadelphians they ushered in the first penitentiary a place for prisoners to reform and rehabilitation This was known as the Pennsylvania system which was name Walnut Street Jail which Quakers reorganized in 1790 as the countrys first institution for punishment Eastern State Penitentiary which was construction 1829 which ran on these systems The prison was for solitary confinement at labor with instruction in labor morals and religion During this time prison officials made prisoners work by their self For example shoemaking weaving tailoring and polishing This was the first time in American history rehabilitation and deterrence emerged as goals of correctionsDown effect of the Pennsylvania system was expensive and in reportedly drove prisoners nuts Which in this case caused reformers to respond with the Auburn System was known as the New York System which was a regimentation military-style drill silence unless conversation was require in workshops congregate working and eating separation of prisoners into small individual cells at night
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