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Word Count: 408
The French and Indian War started in 1754 when George Washingtons militia fired the first shots at Fort Duquesne The war began and victory looked meek for the British for many reasons The colonies were disorganized and many jealousies and disputes arose among them In addition the colonies governors quarreled with their assemblies The colonies saw themselves at the time as trading economic colonies not an empire or nation There was no need or want for a military and military organization The British colonies were unfit to carry out an offensive war Soon courageous fearless and heroic generals like Pitt Amherst and Wolfe helped turn the tide for the British In 1754 George Washington led his army of 150 Virginia militiamen to Fort Duquesne The French leader there was killed and his men retreated They later returned with reinforcements and surrounded Washington at Fort Necessity After a ten hour siege he was forced to surrender his entire command However he was permitted to march his men away with the honors of war In 1755 the British returned to Fort Duquesne Haughty and bullheaded General Braddock led an army of 2000 men They moved slowly dragging heavy artillery They were soon met by a small French and Indian army Braddocks army was defeated and Braddock himself was wounded This defeat left the British frontier naked and susceptible to attack The French smelled victory At Britains darkest hour a hero emerged by the name of William Pitt Instead of attacking forts Pitt aimed to attack cities which equipped the forts with supplies Pitt first dispatched an army against Louisbourg in 1758 After a long siege Louisbourg fell to the British Quebec was next on Pitts list For this crucial mission Pitt sent James Wolfe to take Quebec The French under the Marquis de Montcalm encountered the British under Wolfe when they reached Quebec Both commanders fell fatally wounded but the French were defeated and the city surrendered
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