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Word Count: 539
The US Rifle M1 was the first semiautomatic rifle to be the standard small arm of the US Military and the first semiautomatic rifle to be adopted by a major military power It was the product of a genius John Cantius Garand While the M1 Rifle was never officially referred to as the Garand it is known by no other name so widely First adopted in 1936 the M1 Rifle served the US in World War II Korea a host of police actions and interventions and in the hands of allies in the Vietnam War Even there the US Army used the M1 rifle as a sniper rifle even though the M1 had by that time been supplanted by the M14 and later the M16 The M1 Garand is a full-blown combat rifle with maximum range of 3200 meters and maximum effective range of 400 meters Fully loaded with 8-round en block clip cleaning kit in butt stock sling and with stock of dense GI issue wood the M1 weighed in at 11-14 lbs The M1 came into production in 1936 using the 30-06 rifle cartridge It was the designated service rifle of World War II and the Korean War for the United States Military Also was designed for semi-automatic fire using a spring steel clip containing 8 rounds This is where the term clip originated All other rifles used a detachable or fixed magazine There is some discussion on whether this is accurate though The M1 Garand was designed for long-range accuracy and was the only rifle that had fully adjustable rear sights with windage and elevation Criticisms of the M1 are its weight limited ammunition supply the fact that single rounds could not be pushed in 8 round clip or nothing Also the spent clip was automatically ejected after the last round was fired making a distinctive sound which could be fatal in close quarter
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