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Background The Hopi or Hopituh Shi-nu-mu meaning The Peaceful People or the Peaceful Little Ones are well known Indian Nation in Northern Arizona especially known for their Kachina Dolls The Navajo name for the Hopi is Anazazi which means ancient enemies The Hopis are very peaceful tribe whose reservation lies somewhat in the center of the Navajo Nation and although they co-exist because of their geography their relationship is somewhat strained because of their tribal histories The cliff painting of the Mesa Verde and other areas are said to be guides for their warriors and they claim that the snake-shaped mounds in the eastern United States were built by their ancestors Hopi Indians are one of the Pueblo Indian tribes About 3500 Hopi live on the Hopi reservation in northeastern Arizona One village Oraibi is one of the oldest continuously inhabited villages in the United States It was founded about 800 years ago The Hopi reservation was established in 1882 but until the beginning of the 20th century the people were practically independent of government authority Since that time official supervision assistance and sometimes-blundering interference in harmless religious and personal customs has become more and more effective and the result is the gradual abandonment of the old order The Hopi Indians speak the language of Shoshonean The Hopi men wore a straight sleeved or sleeveless shirt of undyed native cotton worn like a poncho knitted cotton leggings reaching half way up the thighs cotton loin cloth and moccasins of deerskin Women wore an undyed cotton robe which passed under the left arm and was fastened above the right shoulder and an embroidered belt Hopi families and political structures are divided into many powerful groups called clans Each clan includes more than one family that traces its origin to a common often mythical ancestor Individuals trace their clan membership through their mother and women inherit property through their mothers clan Of the original
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