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In1930 Germanys manufacturing had fallen 17 from that 1927 level Bankruptcies were increasing unemployment was rising and farmers were hurting Some in the middle class feared sliding into the lower class And some in the middle class blamed the economic decline on unemployed people being unwilling to work In 1930 the parliamentary coalition that governed Germany fell apart and new elections were held The biggest winner in these elections was Adolf Hitlers National Socialist Party From twelve seats in parliament they increased their seats to 107 becoming Germanys second largest political party The largest party was still the Social Democrats and this party won 143 seats and 245 percent of the vote Communist Party candidates won 131 percent of the vote 50 times better than the US Communist Party did in the 1932 elections and together the Social Democrats and the Communists were large enough to claim the right to make a government But Communists and the Social Democrats remained hostile toward one another The Comintern at this time was opposed to Communists working with reformers and the Communists believed that a collapse of the parliamentary government would hasten the revolutionary crisis that would propel them to power Instead of a socialist government the president of the German republic Hindenburg selected Heinrich Brning of the Catholic Center Party to form a government This Party had received only 113 percent of the vote -- less than the Communists And Brning did not have the majority parliamentary support needed to rule As chancellor Brning ruled under Hindenburgs emergency powers It was the beginning of the end of democracy in Germany with Hindenburg willing to do anything but give the government back to the Socialists Brning attempted to restore economic equilibrium by a balanced budget high interest rates and remaining on the gold standard -- no emergency deficit spending And the economy continued to slide Hitler meanwhile was looking
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