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Word Count: 1,461
The blame for the Cold War cannot be placed on one person -- it developed as a series of chain reactions as a struggle for supremacy It can be argued that the Cold War was inevitable and therefore no ones fault due to the differences in the capitalist and communist ideologies It was only the need for self-preservation that had caused the two countries to sink their differences temporarily during the Second World War Yet many of the tensions that existed in the Cold War can be attributed to Stalins policy of Soviet expansion It is necessary therefore to examine the role of Stalin as a catalyst to the Cold War Stalins foreign policies contributed an enormous amount to the tensions of the Cold War His aim to take advantage of the military situation in post-war Europe to strengthen Russian influence was perceived to be a threat to the Americans Stalin was highly effective in his goal to gain territory with victories in Poland Romania and Finland To the western world this success looked as if it were the beginning of serious Russian aggressions The western view of the time saw Stalin as doing one of two things either continuing the expansionist policies of the tsars that preceded him or worse spreading communism across the world now that his one-state notion had been fulfilled It also must be mentioned that Stalin is seen as wanting unchallenged personal power and a rebuilt Russia strong enough to withstand capitalist encirclement1 Admittedly the first view of Stalin as an imperialist leader may be skewed The Russians claim and have always claimed that Stalins motives were purely defensive Stalins wished to create a buffer zone of Communist states around him to protect Soviet Russia from the capitalist West In this sense his moves were not aggressive at all -- they were truly defensive moves to protect the Soviet system His suspicions of Western hostility were not unfounded the British
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