scroll to top
Stuck on your essay?
Get ideas from this essay and see how your work stacks up
Word Count: 2,300
Myth or Reality Developing Professional Practice in Dual Diagnosis Level 2 The aim of this piece of work is to appraise Khantzians 1985 hypothesis relating to the relationship between substance misuse and mental illness It is well reported that psychoactive substances generally have a negative effect on the central nervous system changing mood and behaviour Rassool 2002b often to an extent that behaviour is uncontrollable by the individual However knowing this many individuals choose to use substances whether for recreational reasons or for other reasons which will be explored within this piece of work We know that substance abuse among those with a mental illness is a common occurrence and it is said to be one of the biggest challenges faced by mental health services Department of Health 2003 The impact of substance misuse on mental health and vice versa creates many complications It is associated with the increased risk of suicide violence Peterson 2002 relapse Kavanagh et al 2002 and readmission Rassool 2002a Mental health services know all to well the implications that arise as a result of dual diagnosis and deal with such on a regular basis However there are individuals diagnosed with a mental illness that will state that they use substances to self medicate and there are several theorists that would support this rationale One of the theorists is Khantzian 1985 His theory of self-medication believes that individuals with a mental illness use substances to relieve the symptoms of the illness or to counteract the unwanted side effects of antipsychotic medications but in reality and from experience we know that substance abuse generally leads to a deterioration of the condition with symptoms exacerbated and poorer long-term prognosis Negrete 2003 When we examine Khantzians hypothesis in the light of current research and available evidence are we able to state its validity or are we trying to justify why those with a mental illness use substances thus
@Kibin is a lifesaver for my essay right now!!
- Sandra Slivka, student @ UC Berkeley
Wow, this is the best essay help I've ever received!
- Camvu Pham, student @ U of M
If I'd known about @Kibin in college, I would have gotten much more sleep
- Jen Soust, alumni @ UCLA