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Running head THE CRISIS INTERVENTION MODEL The Crisis Intervention Model Waiyip Camden County College Abstract The crisis intervention model is applicable whenever the functioning of an individual or family has been unexpectedly and dramatically affected in some personal loss or tragedy It is to be used during a four to six week period following the event that precipitated the crisis In this research paper I will attempt to describe the crisis intervention model and more importantly explain how it is applied in the field of social work Crisis intervention has been used to assist survivors or assault families in turmoil disaster victims hospital emergency room patients telephone hot line callers mental health emergency clients individuals contemplating suicide and couples experiencing difficulties To understand the crisis intervention model the word crisis should first be defined The word crisis can be defined as a temporary state of disequilibrium during which a person has the potential for heightened maturity and growth or for deterioration and greater vulnerability to future stress Normal crisis situations are episodic throughout life Crises are precipitated by specific meaningful threatening identifiable incidents that can be external or internal as well as single or cumulative These incidents can be called hazardous events A state of active crisis exists if customary coping responses are unsuccessful causing anxiety and uncertainty Crises can be classified as developmental situational social or compound Developmental crises happen to everyone as people experience transitions or life-cycle changes such as adolescence or old age Situational crises are caused by non-developmental unexpected traumas and are often specific to the individual or family Social crises concern larger societal or cultural events or responses such as discrimination or persecution and their effect on a particular individual or family Compound crises occur
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