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Section A 1 Assess the importance of Machiavellis writings in the making of modern Europe Nicolo Machiavelli originally wrote The Prince in 1513 in hope of securing the favour of ruling the Medici family The Prince was a practical guide of raw political power being exercised over a Renaissance Principality He declared that every state and government possessed power over men due to them being republics or principalities Principalities are either hereditary in which case the blood - line of the prince had been long established as ruler or they are new Machiavelli discussed that Milan to Francesco Sforza was considered new The kingdom of Naples however was noted as a hereditary state that was annexed to the King of Spain The principalities were acquired by force or through the princes own fortune strength or ability Machiavellis reason of state was fundamental for the development of the modern state He stated that it was necessary to possess virtue in order for the prince to have control over the state Virtue was considered the possession of great skill and ability He had the most profound impact on the question of the individual By elevating interest in politics and society individuals defined themselves as seeking self-interest This provided apparatus for the creation of the modern state The newly autonomous individual was defined by a newly emerging nation state Individualism was something in which people tried to assert against powers of the centralised state Due to the destruction of the feudal hierarchy and Church states came into an existence that created a powerful central authority whereby people increasingly defined the limits of autonomy and individualism Machiavellis writings influenced the making of modern Europe by explaining the many difficulties faced by princes both new and hereditary He claimed that if a prince loses his average powers due to excessive force then he must usurp and regain his power Here we see that he is making the push
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