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Word Count: 1,126
Throughout the novel Xala the importance of social class is represented in several different ways During the time period in which the book takes place there is liberation from Western economic domination El Hadji represents the wealthy high social class He is a successful businessman and a polygamist with three wives Characters employed under El Hadji and his wives and children represent the middle to low class Lastly there are beggars and cripples that represent the lowest class and poverty Each social class plays a critical role in the novel and helps convey Sembnes view on social class in Senegal First I would like to take a look at the various ways in which El Hadji portrays the upper class through riches In addition to his financial wealth he also acquires wealth in the number of wives he possesses Ever since El Hadji has become a successful businessman he has lived a luxurious life and can basically have anything his heart desires At the beginning of the novel Sembne explains how El Hadjis success in business put him in his current social status This period of success had placed him way ahead in the ever-growing field of small middlemen Sembne 3 Throughout the novel he shows off his wealth by handing out money to his wives and children being chauffeured around in a Mercedes and hosting extravagant weddings for himself For instance at the beginning of the novel Sembne uses imagery and other figurative language to describe the attire at the wedding Boubous spangled with silver and gold thread gold and silver pendants and bracelets glittered in the sun light Sembee 4 This quote is significant because it shows that he surrounds himself with others of substantial wealth Sembne also portrays a lower class of Senegal These characters such as Madame Douf Alassane and Modu are still important to the novel in that they provide contrast to El Hadjis high class You know I
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