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James Langston Hughes more formally known as Langston Hughes was one of the most influential poets during the Harlem Renaissance that helped shape the cultural movement Born on February 1 1902 in Joplin Missouri Hughes published his first poem The Negro Speaks of Rivers in 1921 in Crisis Magazine at the tender age of 19 In the same year he enrolled at Columbia University and dropped out a year later to work as a steward on a freighter which took him from Africa to Spain When Hughes returned to the United States in 1924 he was working various jobs and in 1925 while working as a kitchen helper in Washington DC hotel restaurant he met an American poet named Vachel Lindsay who after reading some of Hughes poetry was so impressed decided to use his connections to help bring Hughes poetry to a broader audience The following year he won first prize in the Opportunity magazine literary competition and a full scholarship to Lincoln University in Pennsylvania with his poem The Weary Blues Hughes published his first novel Not Without Laughter after his graduation from Lincoln in 1929 His work was highly influential in shaping the Harlem Renaissance because unlike the other prominent black poets Hughes refused to differentiate between his personal experience and the common experience of black AmericaAcad of Amer Poets On May 22 1967 Hughes died of complications from prostate cancer and in his honor East 127th Street was renamed Langston Hughes Place During his lifetime Langston Hughes wrote over 300 poems and published around 89 of them Two of the most well known of the 89 published is A Dream Deferred and Throughout the poem A Dream Deferred there are multiple literary devices seen like Mother to Sonsimiles figurative language and personification An example of a simile in this poem would be does it stink like rotten meat of figurative language or fester like a sore and of
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