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Word Count: 389
The saxophone was invented by Adolphe Sax who was born 6 November 1814 in Belgium Saxs father manufactured clarinets and brass instruments so Sax learnt the skill of instrument making at an early stage Sax grew up to be a good clarinetist but was always struck by the instruments shortcomings Hed redesigned the bass clarinet to a greatly improved standard but he also wanted to produce an instrument that played in octaves rather than twelfths So the saxophone was created It was first shown at an exhibition in Brussels 1841 The saxophone uses a reed like other woodwind instruments but is made of brass It has a conical bore which gives it its unique sound Many people feel that its popularity is based partly on the fact that it is very close to the human voice in range and expressiveness But it really found its niche in jazz and later rock music Dance and jazz bands in the early part of the 20th century included saxes of various sizes The most common sizes are alto tenor and baritone or bari Other relatively common sizes are soprano and bass Saxophones are transposing instruments When the note C is played on the soprano the piano plays a Bb for the same sounding note For an altos C the piano plays an Eb A tenor is an octave lower than the soprano so it is also a Bb instrument The baritone is an octave lower than an alto so it is also an Eb instrument The bass is yet an octave lower than the tenor so it is also a Bb instrument Each member of the sax family has its own sounds and unique challenges to play While the fingerings are mostly the same playing one does not mean you can automatically play the others Most rock songs from the 1950s used tenor saxes and occasionally baritone The big bands usually used two altos two tenors and
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