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ANIMAL CLONING AT A GLANCE GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF GENETIC TECHNOLOGY Genetic Engineering is the process of directly altering an organisms DNA Scientists have been directly working with DNA since the 1950s Or so Im led to believe However the most important discoveries in the field of genetic engineering have been made in the past 24 years Genetic engineering is now used to alter the DNA of plants animals and bacteria Some ways biologists are able to manipulate DNA are through using restriction enzymes to stop DNA sequencing using DNA combination to combine different types of DNA using DNA insertion to later be able to manipulate growth of recombinant DNA and using DNA sequencing to find out the order of enzymes in the DNA GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF ANIMAL CLONING AND HOW IT IS USED The general process of animal cloning involves taking an unfertilized egg or oocyte and swapping the nucleus of the oocyte with a different quiescent nucleus from another animal The process of swapping Nuclei is called Nuclear Transfer Once the new nucleus is in place it is fused to the cytoplasm Then the oocyte is ready to be fertilized Once the egg is fertilized it is placed in an environment where the cells can divide and grow And if successful the animal that grows from the egg will be a clone of the animal the quiescencial nucleus came from Amazing huh For years the process of cloning animals was all about Can we do it Now that scientists are able to clone animals the new question is How can we use it Cloning can be used a number of ways to benefit the human race but since the technology is relatively new and somewhat questionable none of the ideas of how cloning can be used have been put into effect Some ways cloning may be used in the next hundred years are having yourself cloned for tissue and organ transplants making disease resistant
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