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Dyslexia A condition some people are born with which is primarily characterized by difficulty with language Dyslexia is one of several distinct learning disabilities It is a specific language-based disorder of constitutional origin characterized by difficulties in single word decoding usually reflecting insufficient phonological processing abilities These difficulties in single word decoding are often unexpected in relation to age and other cognitive and academic abilities they are not the result of generalized developmental disability or sensory impairment Common problems of dyslexia are slowness at acquiring spoken language and difficulties with speech such as a lisp or a sound that cant be pronounced Dyslexics are often late talkers Confusion between words of similar meaning is not uncommon like saying desert when meaning beach Dyslexics have difficulty processing information Think of two children off to play tennis The first has a bag to carry the balls The second has too many balls and nothing to carry them in The first child quickly arrives at the courts The second child drops some of the balls but gets there in the end Its like the same for dyslexics Pieces of information get lost along the way and it takes time to get information across Once this information is received the dyslexic child has no special difficulties working things out and remembering them Immediate memory or working memory is a resource of the brain that saves information and ideas we are working with Some people have amazing immediate memory and can remember not only pages of information but also the layout of the information Others can remember everything that was said who said it and the context in which it was said Most people have enough immediate memory to enable them to hold information they are working with The following quote is from TR Miles Professor Emeritus of the Psychology University of Wales For neurological reasons - connected with deficiencies in the magnocellular system - there may be an
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