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INDEPENDANT STUDY-PART THREE THE JOURNAL OF APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY-RELIEF FROM JOB STRESSORS AND BURNOUT This journal is about the impact of being away from job stressors and burnout What are job stressors Job stressors are defined as the absence of positive job characteristics as well as the presence of negative oneseden 1990 What is burnout Burnout is is a syndrome of gradual loss of motivation caused by chronic stressorsfruedenberger 1974 So how do we get relief from these stressors so they dont cause burnout that is what Dalia Etzion Dov Eden and Yael Lapidot were trying to discover The following paragraphs will explain what they did how they did it and what they were hoping to find The two most common respites from job stressors and burnout are vacation and reserve services Vacation has most commonly been studied Exposure to daily stressors is a major precursor of burnout many psychologists prescribe occasional time off work or a vacation as means of recharging ones battery helping to strengthen the feeling of competence Vacation ameliorates job stressors by providing a change then even a change to venue itself may provide the same relief A reserve service provides such a change A good example of a reserve service is military service This is how the authors experiment was done They chose 4500 people to question These men were degree holding engineers practical engineers and technicians Each man answered a questionnaire 103 of these men fit the criteria of work type they were looking for These men receive call-up notices 8 of them declined to participate because of having a heavy work load 9 were ommitted after because the reservists service was canceled at the last minuet and another 5 because they couldnt find matches Therefore the experiment consisted of 81 men who were to serve and 81 matches who were not serving These matches were matched by snowball sampling They were based on job
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