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Danny Chandler Social Science Reading Questions for Chapter 14 Explain State- State is the abstract embodiment of the political institution It is the formal representation of the government Government- Government is a set of rules structures and procedures by which political decisions are made and enforced Politics- Politics are the forces direct the government of the state its policies and actions Manifest Functions of Government- Manifest functions of government are the deliberate functions that a government carries out Latent Functions of Government- Latent functions of government are the unintended functions of government Traditional Authority- Traditional authority depends on tradition This type of authority allows a group or person to have a legitimized authority because they have had the authority in the past Examples of which are religious authority parental and Constitutional Legal-Rational Authority- Legal-rational authority is used in systems organized in a bureaucratic fashion It is so because this type of system limits the exercise of power This pattern of organization specifies how much power each role entails Charismatic Authority- Charismatic authority derives from a single person with a magnetic personality It can only have stability if it evolves into a legal-rational or traditional authority Examples of which are the leaders Hitler Mussolini and Martin Luther King Jr Nation- Nation is a culture group living within a political state unified by common identifying characteristics Nationalism- Nationalism is a set of beliefs about ones own nation and how it is superior to all others and that its defense of its interests is above all others Political Ideology- Political ideology is Totalitarianism- Totalitarianism is a type of autocracy It is has a single party a secret police and a monopoly over mass communications weapons and economy by rulers Fascism and Communism- Under the fascism ideology decisions of rule and direction in life are left to a certain few from a society This is so because
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