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How did Walpole overcome the challenges to his ministry during his long period in high office and why did he fall from power eventually in 1742 By the time Robert Walpole eventually came to power in 1721 he had already cemented himself as an experienced and mature politician He had entered Parliament in 1701 and had served the administration in many different departments culminating in his post as the First Lord of the Treasury and Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1715-1717 In all of his positions he held prior to 1721 he had been extremely successful and had proved himself to be resourceful dependable and competent These skills would prove to be very important in explaining the longevity and success of Walpoles reign as Britains first Prime Minister Walpole built his ministry as did most eighteenth century monarchs on holding the confidence of both the successive monarchs and by holding the support of Parliament Walpole was aware of the importance in gaining the trust of the Monarch as they ultimately held the balance of power Whilst under George I Walpole faced little problems from the monarch who despite not liking Walpole trusted his political judgement and abilities Yet Walpole never enjoyed sufficient influence with George and much of the countrys foreign policy was left to Townshend Walpoles first serious monarchical challenge came with the death of George I in 1727 George II came to the throne and immediately made it clear that he wanted to replace Walpole with Sir Spencer Compton Walpole realised that his only chance to remain in power would rely upon him proving his indispensability to the new King He did this by attaining for himself one of the largest Civil Lists ever voted for with over 415 ministerial supporters and an overall majority of 272 Walpole also managed to gain the support of Queen Caroline whom was able to persuade George II into leaving Walpole in high
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