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Jean Bernard Leon Foucault Jean Bernard Leon Foucault was a very instrumental scientist in history Born on the 18th of September 1819 in Paris Foucault was born into a fairly wealthy family As he grew up his father urged him to pursue a career in medicine Foucault agreed and began his medical studies He soon became bored and then turned his attention to studying physics In 1845 he became the scientific editor of The Journal des Debats His experiments began in the same period In 1855 he became the physicist at the local observatory Foucault like many of the great thinkers of his time was a specialist in multiple fields Foucault was very interested in science dealing with mirrors He personally invented the gyroscope He pioneered a better method to silver astronomical mirrors He also developed the Foucault knife experiment to test whetted mirrors He was interested in the mechanics of light as well He invented a prism to change polarized light and a better method to measure the speed of light He even studied a little in the field of electricity He discovered the phenomenon we know as the Foucault currents Perhaps his most well known area of study was the Earths rotation When most scientists speak of Jean Bernard Foucault they talk about his most famous experiment The Foucault Pendulum was the masterpiece of Foucaults scientific career At the start Foucault wanted to prove that the plane of a swing of a pendulum appears to rotate or precess The secret of the pendulum is it is the earth moving not the pendulum The pendulums swing advances to the right due to the Coriolis effect This
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