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John Dalton once made this famous quote on his work concerning the atom We might as well attempt to introduce a new planet into the solar system or to annihilate one already in existence as to create or destroy a particle of hydrogen John Dalton was a British chemist and physicist who developed the atomic theory upon which modern physical science is founded Dalton a Quaker was born on September 6 1766 in Eaglesfield Cumberland County England He received education from the village school until age 11 He received tuition from Elihu Robinson a wealthy Quaker meteorologist and instrument maker who first encouraged Daltons interest in meteorology At age 12 he was given a job to teach at the same school he attended He worked on a farm for two years before he moved to Kendal where he taught with his brother He also went on to teach at a Presbyterian Institute when he was 28 years old A year later he was elected to the Manchester Literacy and Philosophical Society Although he did not have a specific institution where he researched Dalton began a series of meteorological research at the Lake District in 1787 His observations continued for 57 years accumulating some 200000 annotations and measurements on the weather in the Manchester area His first published book contained the first of his laws concerning the behavior of compound atmospheres Dalton also wrote a book that has the first explanation of the dew point and hence the founding of exact hygrometry In 1803 Dalton made his most important contribution to science his theory The atomic theory states that matter is composed of atoms of differing weights and combine in simple ratios by weight A physical clue to the theory was provided by the solubility of gases in water He found through experiments that atoms of different gases have different weights He showed how these atoms link together in definite proportions An atom is any
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