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Williams Tennessee Williams Tennessee 1911-1983 American playwright and two-time Pulitzer Prize winner whose works are set largely in the American South Williams was born in Columbus Mississippi on March 26 1911 and named Thomas Lanier Williams He spent most of his youth in St Louis Missouri After intermittent attendance at the University of Missouri and Washington University he received a BA degree from the University of Iowa in 1938 He worked at a variety of odd jobs until 1945 when he first appeared on the Broadway scene as the author of The Glass Menagerie This evocative memory play won the New York Drama Critics Circle award as the best play of the season It was filmed in 1950 and has been performed on the stage throughout the world The emotion-charged A Streetcar Named Desire 1947 has been called the best play ever written by an American It was successfully filmed 1952 and it won Williams his first Pulitzer Prize in drama He was awarded another Pulitzer for Cat on a Hot Tin Roof stage 1954 film 1958 All three of these plays contain the poetic dialogue the symbolism and the highly origina l characters for which Williams is noted and are set in the American South a regional background which the author used to create a remarkable blend of decadence nostalgia and sensuality Other successful plays by Williams are Summer and Smoke 1948 rewritten as Eccentricities of a Nightingale produced 1964 The Rose Tattoo 1950 the long one-act Suddenly Last Summer 1958 Sweet Bird of Youth 1959 and Night of the Iguana 1961 Although Williams continued to write for the theater he was unable to repeat the success of most of his early works One of his last plays was Clothes for a Summer Hotel 1980 based on the American writer F Scott Fitzgerald and his wife Zelda Williams died in New York City February 25 1983 Two collections of
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