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THOMAS AQUINAS Saint Thomas Aquinas as a philosopher wrote several works that justified Christianity in a philosophical context taking cue on Aristotles old writings Naturally Aquinas took up on the Churchs ultra-conservative views on sexuality and worked to rationalize them through his own theory of natural law Aquinas argues against any form of sex where the intention to produce children is not involved He explains this through his theory of natural law where sex is purely for the purpose of reproduction to ensure the continuance of the human race only in the context of a monogamous relationship and not for simple physical pleasure There are many laws that Saint Thomas Aquinas speaks of such as eternal law human law divine law and natural law All humans are part of Gods plan and therefore subject to eternal law where we are guided to Gods supernatural end in a higher way Bobik 33 According to Aquinas humans in particular follow Gods eternal law through a natural law and inborn instinct to do good Something is said to be part of natural law if there is a natural inclination to it and if nature does not produce the contrary Mcinerny 74 Natural law includes such ideas as self-preservation union of the male and the female and education of the young which is easily found in nature Humans also have a unique knowledge of God and were meant to live in a society Aquinas explains that even though concepts such as slavery and personal possessions are not found alone in nature they were created by human reason and in such cases the law of nature was not changed but added to Burrell 39 Because we can do such things we are separated from the rest of Gods creatures After explaining his theory of natural law Aquinas goes on to explain sexuality in the context of it According to him promiscuity is contrary to the nature
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