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Heinrich Schtz is the most important composer in the early Baroque period and the most important German composer up until the time of JS Bach He is the first to command the respect of other composers on an international level and to achieve international acclaim Through the example of his works and teachings he played an important part in establishing the traditions of high craftsmanship and intellectual depth in music There is some debate among scholars as to when exactly Heinrich Schtz was born In a personal memorandum of January 14 1651 to Elector Johann I Schtz mentions the day of St Burkhard as his birthday SLW22 However it is recorded in the towns as well as church history that he was born in Kstritz Germany now Bad Kstritz near Gera on October 8th 1585 and baptized the next day October 9th As there are records of this it seems even more likely that these records are more accurate than the memorandum Schtz was born to a prominent bourgeois family of Franconian origin that had resided in Saxony since the mid-15th century He was born in the same year as Richelieu and was21 years younger than Shakespeare and 21 years older than RembrandtSLW 3 His paternal grandfather Albrecht Schtz owned a local Inn that was eventually left to his son Heinrichs father Christof Albrecht would move away to Weissenfels where he would become a prominent and esteemed Council chamberlain in Weissenfels Albrecht would acquire another Inn Zur gldenen RingSLW 21 which he would leave to his son at the time of his death in 1578 At the time he moved to Weissenfels Christof already widowed and re-married to the daughter of the local Burgomaster had fathered eight children in addition to the three left with him from his late wife Of these new eight children Heinrich was the second born and the eldest son Christof would take over the keepings of the Inn and
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