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Is it more effective for a ruler to be feared or loved This question has arisen ever since the birth of human civilization yet it has never been answered and agreed upon unanimously In 1513 political philosopher Niccolo Machiavelli wrote that it is much safer to be feared than loved if one of the two has to be wanting because human beings are by nature selfish cowardly and dishonest Many people would disagree with Machiavelli and shake their head with disapproval at his pessimistic view of humans but these people are regrettably deprived of the basic history knowledge that Machiavellis view is built upon Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain effectively used tactics of terror to unify Spain Under former Muslim rule Spain was ruled with love overflowing with tolerance of people of various religions but was rather divided However when Ferdinand and Isabella took the throne they forced Jews and Muslims to either convert to Christianity or to leave The inquisition started under their harsh rule burned heretics at the stake This religious intolerance unified Spain which would otherwise be divided into sections each religion-specific This was unfortunately what had happened with the Indian subcontinent where religious conflicts between Muslim and Islam divided the Indian subcontinent into Pakistan mostly Muslim-populated and modern India chiefly populated by Hindus As you can see fear has dominated love and the story still goes on Cesare Borgia who ruled from 1467 to 1507 was cruel and unmerciful However through his cruelty violence and treachery he succeeded in bringing order to and uniting Romagna north-central Italy Furthermore he brought the land under a prolonged period of peace Once again fear overshadows love and becomes more effective But the story keeps going Mao Zedong founder member of the Chinese Communist Party ruled China with absolute power and used fear tactics to put an end to all civil wars and made China strong enough to resist Japanese invasions He had unified China
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