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Richard I - LionHeart One of the most prominent figures of the Third Crusade was Richard I nicknamed Lionhearted He was born on September 8th 1157 and he later died on April 6 1199 Britannica Vol 10 p43 He was the third son of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitane Dictionary of the Middle Ages Vol 10 p383 He eventually acquired the nickname LionHeart which in French would be Coeur de Lion due to his incredible amount of courage Britannica Vol 10 p43 There are actually two variations of his nickname lionheart and lionhearted Dictionary of the Middle Ages Vol 10 p383 In 1168 he became the Duke of Aquitane and then in 1172 the Duke of Poitiers Britannica Vol 10 p43 King Louis of France got in a fight with King Henry of England Richards dad and Louis became violently ill during the feud and died in 1180 Jones and Ereira p171 Before Louis died Henry was in constant battle with his three sons from 1173-74 Eventually his father gave some land in Aquitane to him Britannica Vol 10 p43 In fact most of Richards military knowledge came from his many battles with his father Jones and Ereira p171 He had many problems with his father but his mother seemed to favor him This is why he became Duke of Aquitane and thus having control of southwest France Dictionary of the Middle Ages Vol 10 p383 Revolutions In 1183 the Gascons along with Young King Henry Henry IIs eldest son revolted against King Henry II of England But in the summer of 1183 young Henry died suddenly and the revolution was over Britannica Vol 10 p43 This left Richard as the heir to England Normandy and Anjou Richards father wanted Richard to give Aquitane to his younger brother John but Richard refuse Britannica Vol 10 p43 In 1188 Philip II of Augustus encouraged and helped
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