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Thomas Hobbes was born in Wiltshire England in 1588 just prior to the Spanish Armada Philosophy is defined by Hobbes as the reasoned knowledge of effects from causes and causes from effects Hobbes was educated in Oxford where he learnt about the great classics and also of Aristotle however Hobbes disliked Aristotles approach that democracy was the best form of government Hobbes spent many a year on the continent and his disliking for Aristotles works grew when he returned to Britain there was a civil war underway so he left the country again and wrote several pieces of literature these include the De Cive and The Elements of law Later on his book the Leviathan was publishedHobbes died in 1679 after becoming one well-known political writer but he has not been forgotten and his political thought lives onHobbess most famous piece of work the Leviathan presents life before government was formed this was what Hobbes referred to as the State of nature Hobbes believed that every man was naturally equal and due to this war was inevitable because every man was for himself War would be inevitable as fought for material possession and for basic necessities like water and food The first of these causes of quarrel- maketh man invade for gain the second for safety and the third for reputation With this continuing state of war and would produce a lifestyle in which there would be no society industry or trading As Hobbes states that there would be No knowledge of the face of the earth no account of time no arts no letters no society and which is worst of all contains fear and danger of violent death and the life of man solitary poor nasty brutish and shortFor Hobbes the State of nature was a way of rationalising how people would behave in their most basic state Hobbes advanced from what Ren Decartes stated I think therefore I am Hobbes used
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