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Word Count: 612
Although born in extreme poverty Camus attended the lycee and university in Algiers where he developed an abiding interest in sports and the theater His university career was cut short by a severe attack of tuberculosis an illness from which he suffered periodically throughout his life The themes of poverty sport and the horror of human mortality all figure prominently in his volumes of so-called Algerian essays LEnvers et lendroit The Wrong Side and the Right Side 1937 Noces Nuptials 1938 and LEte Summer 1954 In 1938 he became a journalist with Alger-Republicain an anticolonialist newspaper While working for this daily he wrote detailed reports on the condition of poor Arabs in the Kabyles region These reports were later published in abridged form in Actuelles III 1958 The War Years Such journalistic experience proved invaluable when Camus went to France during World War II There he worked for the Combat resistance network and undertook the editorship of the Parisian daily Combat which first appeared clandestinely in 1943 His editorials both before and after the liberation showed a deep desire to combine political action with strict adherence to moral principles During the war Camus published the main works associated with his doctrine of the absurd--his view that human life is rendered ultimately meaningless by the fact of death and that the individual cannot make rational sense of his experience These works include the novel The Stranger 1942 Eng trans 1946 perhaps his finest work of fiction which memorably embodies the 20th-century theme of the alienated stranger or outsider a long essay on the absurd The Myth of Sysiphysus 1942 Eng trans 1955 and two plays published in 1944 Cross Purpose Eng trans 1948 and Caligula Eng trans 1948 In these works Camus explored contemporary nihilism with considerable sympathy but his own attitude toward the absurd remained ambivalent In theory philosophical absurdism logically entails total moral indifference Camus found however that neither his
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