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Schizophrenia Schizophrenia is a chronic severe disabling mental disorder typically characterized by a separation between the thought processes and the emotions Torrey Schizophrenia affects about one percent of the adult population and signs of it usually emerge in the late teens to the middle twenties Schizophrenia This disorder usually appears earlier in men than in women however it affects both equally Men ordinarily develop the disorder in their late teens or early twenties Women on the other hand develop it in their twenties to early thirties It is possible for children to develop schizophrenia after the age of five but it is very rare before adolescence The illness was first identified by Emil Kraepelin in 1896 when he distinguished it from the mood disorders Kraepelin believed that all psychiatric disorders were caused by organic factors and his experience suggested to him that the onset of the disease occurred early in the life of the individual Hence he called it dementia praecox a term originally introduced by the French psychiatrist Morel Emils thoughts were later disputed by many psychiatrists One of these was Eugene Blueler an eminent Swiss psychiatrist who in 1911 found that the onset of the disease could in fact occur in the later years He also reported that schizophrenia was not characterized by the progressive deterioration over the life of the patient but rather that most patients after an original severe deterioration tend to stabilize and remain at the same point in their psychosis for extended periods of time Blueler also felt that in order to avoid any misunderstanding of the nature of the illness the disease would be much better served if it was referred to as schizophrenia a combination of two Greek words meaning split and mind This emphasized a splitting apart of the affective and cognitive functioning which are heavily affected by schizophrenia Dementia The symptoms of schizophrenia are generally divided into three categories including positive disorganized and
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