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Chapter TWO Modern Ideologies and Political Philosophy I Ideologies Ideology is a set of ideas that are related and that modify one another that is an organized set of ideas about something From the personal point of view an ideology helps us to make sense reasonably easily and quickly of the varied political questions that come to our attention Publicly in politics we are typically concerned to convince others that a policy we favor is the right one Ideologies are developed and maintained because of their usefulness to individuals in responding to events and their utility in public political agument II American Ideologies Tend to be more loosely organized 2 main ideologies American liberalism is the rather loose ideology known in the United States as conservatism It is a variant of the more general ideology of liberalism and has relatively little to do with the more general ideology of conservatisms it is particularly suspicious of governmental intervention to make people more equal but is often wiling to entrust government with power to maintain morality American conservatism is the rather loose ideology known in the US as liberalism It is only a variant of the more generally ideology of liberalism it is particularly concerned to make people equal and it is relatively willing to entrust government with power to bring this about it is also particularly concerned to maintain freedom of expression Compared with American Conservatism American liberalism is more concerned about inequality more inclined to use the power of the government to make conditions for people more equal liberals are more willing to see a larger government supplied by higher taxes more inclined generally to use the power of the government to achieve a diverse set of things they view as good ends less concerned about maintenance of public values and less supportive of using governmental power to ban such things like drug use and prostitution opposed to restrictions on abortions more reluctant to maintain
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