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Word Count: 1,381
Kenning A Kenning is a metaphorical phrase or compound word used to name a person place thing or event indirectly Examples Twelve winters of grief for Hrothgar king Of the Danes sorrow heaped at his door By hell-forged hands Beowulf 147-149 The word in bold red print is an example of a kenning The word hell-forged is a compound word that is describing what type of hands have brought sorrow to Hrothgar Hrothgars gold-ringed queen greeted The warriors a noble woman who knew What was right Beowulf 614-616 For each till the bracelet-wearing queen Had carried the mead-cup among them and it was Beowulfs turn to be servedBeowulf 622-624 The words gold-ringed and bracelet-wearing are also both kennings in that they both are compound words that describe the Queen Welthow Alliteration Alliteration is the repetition of consonant sounds in words that are close to one another Examples He moved quickly through the cloudy night Up from his swampland sliding silently Toward that gold-shining hall Beowulf 714-716 The words that are in blue are a classic example of alliteration in Anglo-Saxon poetry The echoes of this line increase the poems rhythmic effect and makes the lines especially memorable The repetition if the s is shown above How its heat rose up watched the waves Blood-stained swirling Their battle horns sounded Beowulf 1422-1423 They could see the water crawling with snakes Fantastic serpents swimming in the boiling lake Beowulf 1425-1426 Again we see here the repetition of the s stained swirling and serpents swimming Foil A foil is a character who sets off another character by strong contrast This contrast emphasizes the differences between two characters bringing out the distinctive qualities of each Examples Hermond could have hoped For at least as much he was once the mightiest Of
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