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Word Count: 825
Throughout the course of history there have been many civil wars In those civil wars many persons fought and died in battles to defend their beliefs In the aftermath of a major battle a peoples morale is as shattered and broken as the bodies of those that were slain Following the battle a funeral is conducted in remembrance of the deceased At these funerals a funeral oration is usually given by a well-known domestic public figure such as when Abraham Lincoln gave his Gettysburg Address in 1863 AD and when Pericles gave his funeral oration to Athens in 431 BC These speeches were made not only to put to rest the souls of the dead and the grief of those who knew them but to give those people hope that their friends and loved ones did not die in vain and to remind them why their civil war was being fought The Peloponnesian War was fought from 431-409 BC It was a civil war between the Greek city-states and was lead by Sparta and its allies against the dominating Athenian government The Athenian leader Pericles was a learned scholar and an ingenious military general His speeches were known for their ability to motivate and give courage to a crowd whether it was to his soldiers in the final moments right before a battle or to a gathering in the streets of Athens After the first few battles of the Peloponnesian War Pericles was asked to give the funeral oration for those that were slain in defense of Athens He did not offer his condolences to the families of those that died but he offered them comfort He did this because the men that died in those battles did not do so in vain for dying in defense of ones city-state had nothing to do with vanity in the eyes of the Greek He said that the gift they commonly gave for Athens had no equal
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