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Word Count: 604
The Meiji government during the 1880s created both an institutional and constitution structure that allowed Japan in thecoming decades to be a stabile and industrializing country Two major policies and strategies that reinforced stability and economic modernization in Japan were the creation of a national public education system and the ratification of the Meiji constitution Both these aided in stability and thus economic growth The creation of a national education system aided in creating stability because it indoctrinated youth in the ideas of loyalty patriotism and obedience Japans education system at first stressed free thought and the ideas of individuals exploration of knowledge but by 1890 the education system of Japan became a tool for indoctrination into what Peter Duus calls a kind of civil religion with the Imperial Rescript on Education This Rescript stressed two things First it stressed loyalty to the emperor and to a lesser extant to the state In every classroom a picture of the emperor was placed Second the education system stressed self sacrifice to the state and family Filial piety was taught in schools and applied not only to the family but also to the national family which included father teacher official and employer The Japanese education system also created a system of technical schools and universities both public and private that educated a growing class of Japanese onhow to use new western machinery administrate government and run private industries The Japanese education system following the Rescript on Education served primarily to teach people what to think and not how to think and as Edwin Reischauer stated Japan pioneered in the modern totalitarian technique of using the educational system for indoctrination and was in fact decades ahead of countries like Germany in perfecting these techniques Japans education system was a tool in creating for Japan a reliable citizenry who respected the government and had the knowledge to act as technically efficientclogs in the new industries and administration that an
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