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In the ethnography Birth as an American Rite of Passage Robbie E Davis-Floyd describes the modern birth process as one that is ritualistic and shaped by a technological society Davis-Floyd argues that childbirth is a natural process that does not need to be controlled and manipulated by technology In this work Davis-Floyd interviewed one hundred middle class white women who had access to what she terms the technocratic model The interviews were completed with women who either chose the technocratic model or a more natural childbirth process The interviews were comprised of questions about the pregnancy period the birth process the mothers feelings about her experiences and what each mother would change for the next birth After reading this work one is left with the impression that a middle ground needs to be reached between the advances of modern technology and the view that childbirth is a natural process in which the mothers wishes need to be respected Robbie Davis-Floyd describes the birth experience as a rite of passage for both the mother and the child There are four major stages in this rite of passage The first stage begins when the mother finds out she is pregnant Davis-Floyd perceives that the mother needs to gain a sense of control over this natural process She stresses that it is the influence and values of the society which will help the mother gain this sense of control Davis-Floyd 17 The first phase lasts from the moment a women realizes that she is pregnant until she has accepted her pregnancy Her acceptance may not come until she seeks scientific proof or verification that she indeed is pregnant Davis-Floyd argues that the pregnant woman is lead to believe that she is not capable of childbirth that her body is not fit for the birthing process and that she needs societys institutions to help her accomplish the birth of her child This is apparent when a society separates a
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