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Word Count: 1,143
The Romans unlike the Greeks were not gifted in abstract thought They constructed no original system of philosophy invented no major literary forms and made no scientific discoveries Yet they excelled in the art of government and empire building they created a workable world-state and developed skills in administration law and practical affairs In the Punic Wars the Roman republic defeated the Carthaginians in North Africa and Rome inherited the Pergamene Kingdom from the last of the Attalids in 133 BC Rome became heir to the legacy of the Hellenistic world of the Greeks The Hellenistic period which lasted 300 years in is noted by the death of Alexander in 323 BC It is marked by its rich sophisticated and diverse culture Many Romans were eager to merge with this Greek culture in order to exhibit the dominance of their rule over conquered societies This exhibition of dominance was the primary motivation of the Roman desire to possess fine works of Greek Art Whereas other Romans were convinced that the pursuit of the assimilation of foreign cultures would only harm the republic During this time much social disintegration and unhindered individualism threatened political stability However the adoption of Greek art for Roman needs was very popular An educated Roman was well versed in the history of Greek Art and was socially compelled to collect Greek art for personal embellishment The modernization of the old Sanctuary of Fortuna Primigenia is an example of the new Roman attitude toward art and architecture as Greek artists migrated in vast numbers to the new capital of the world Roman generals and their quest to establish Rome as the new unchallenged capital of the world justified the expense of replanning the old sanctuary This accomplishment would bring them personal glory and uplift the majestic status of Roman people Roman architecture benefited as the citys wealth grew as other leaders contributed to the expansion of new monuments
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