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Many people today including scientists and doctors are questioning the suffering and killing of animals for the sake of human beings Is it morally correct to dissect a frog or a worm for the purpose of educating a high school student On the other hand must We study life to protect life 1131 The issue of killing animals for the use of biomedical research education and cosmetics can be referred as vivisection Twenty-five to thirty-five million animals are spared in the USA each year for the purpose of research testing and education Although vivisection serves as an important tool for scientists and doctors to work in research and may benefit humans the harms indeed outweigh the benefits Animal experimentation was not common until the early nineteenth century and emerged as an important method of science The first recorded action of vivisection was the study of body humors by Erasistratus in Alexandria during the third century 13 Later in AD 129-200 the physician Galen used five pigs to investigate the effects of several nerves 14 He is considered to be the founder of experimental physiology During the Renaissance Era Andreas Vesalius conducted experiments on monkeys swine and goats 13 By the late eighteenth century the methods of scientific discovery were changer to experimentation of live animals by two French physiologists Claude Bernard and Francious Magnedie They revolutionized methods of scientific discovery by establishing live animal as common practice 14 Claude Bernard believed that in order for medicine to progress there must be experimental research and affirmed that vivisection is indispensable for physical research This is when the anti-vivisection movement was established vivisection There are different views as to why or why not there should be animal experimentation For example Descartes believed that animals are incapable of feeling pain He said The greatest of all the prejudices we have retained from our infancy is that of believing that beasts
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