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Word Count: 975
THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION The Industrial Revolution is the name given to the movement in which machines changed peoples way of life as well as their methods of manufacture About the time of the American Revolution English People began to use machines to make cloth and steam engines to run the machines Sometime later they invented locomotives Productivity began a steep climb By 1850 most Englishmen were laboring in industrial towns and Great Britain had become the workshop of the world From Britain the Industrial Revolution spread gradually throughout Europe and to the United States The most important of the changes that the Industrial Revolution brought were 1 The invention of machines to do the work of hand tools 2 The use of steam and later of other kinds of power in place of the muscles 3 The adoption of the factory system The Industrial Revolution came gradually However when measured against the centuries people had worked entirely by hand it happened in a short span of time Until the inventions of the flying shuttle in 1733 and the spinning jenny in 1764 the making of yarn and the weaving of cloth had been much the same for thousands of years By 1800 a host of new and faster processes were in use in both manufacture and transportation Several systems of making goods had grown up by the time of the Industrial Revolution In country districts families produced most of the supplies that they used while in the cities merchandise was made in shops and manufacturing was strictly regulated by the guilds and by the government The goods made in these shops were limited and costly The merchants needed cheaper items as well as larger quantities for their growing trade They had to establish another system of producing goods The cottage or domestic industry filled in the gap for some time because it gave the merchant a large supply of manufactured articles
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