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Word Count: 1,107
Hemingway wrote this novel with a very pessimistic mood There is tragedy behind every action The mood is also of despair and bitterness Throughout the novel the war continues either in the foreground or in the background creating the sense of continuous death that no one can prevent Since the novel is written in first person narrative all the tragedy is seen through Henrys eyes This makes it much easier for the reader to understand him and sympathize with him in certain situations Throughout his novels Hemingway shows how war is so terrible and that nothing good ever comes out of it So the main theme of this novel is that war creates or makes a tragedy of everything Hemingway uses rain as a metaphor for death The rain plays a very important role in the expression of emotion and feeling It is present at every major event in the story it foreshadows future events and acts as a projection of the characters emotions After the rains significance is established simply mentioning that the weather is stormy gives the reader a specific set of emotions War love life and death are all attached to rain at some point in the novel By doing this Hemingway is able to join together situations which at first consideration could have distinctly different meanings and importance and create a single powerful experience The novel begins with a description of the situation of the war in Italy at the opening of the story At the end of that first short chapter the rain is first mentioned At the start of the winter came the permanent rain and with the rain came cholera But it was checked and in the end only seven thousand died of it in the armyHemingway 4 With this first reference to it rain is already linked to disease and the disease brought by rain is so strong that seven thousand dead is
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