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Word Count: 457
This essay is about the debate of whether the Neanderthal should be classified as a subspecies of modern man or should have a place in human evolution Since its discovery of the Neanderthal fossil in 1856 people have been arguing whether it is a subspecies of modern man homo sapien Neanderthals or a distinct species homo Neanderthals Firstly the essay talks about the DNA evidence of the Neanderthals Recently according to the essay the DNA of the Neanderthals shows few similarities with the DNA of modern humans This also tells the researchers that the Neanderthals diverged about 600000 years ago to form homo Neanderthals However that DNA testing was based solely on one specific Neanderthal fossil much because genetic material is scarce and difficult to extract The one Neanderthal subject may be an inadequate indicator of the genetic variability within an entire species The Neanderthals shared key physical characteristics with modern humans The skeletal structures are similar brains are roughly the size in relation to the body anthropologists after examining the joint structures and cranial capacities believe that Neanderthals could do many activities that modern humans do Neanderthals had thicker bones shorter limbs in relation to a stocky torso However modern people living in colder climate show the same characteristics Similarly animals which live in cold climates have shorter tails ears or beaks than their counterparts in warmer area This suggests that Neanderthals have stocky builds because of climate they are living in Neanderthals have larger brain volume because of their larger physique much like humans nowadays who have different sizes of brains according to their body size Fossil evidence has also shed light on the human- like behavior and cultural practices of Neanderthals Neanderthals had a larynx at the base of the skull meaning they had the physical capacity for language Burial sites unearthed have shown that Neanderthals did not simply dump corpses into the ground but carry out burial rituals
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