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Have you ever forgotten a telephone number That you have just looked up Forgetting information an item of information It happens to all of us Memory is an intriguing process Psychologists identify three types of memory First sensory memory It refers to the initial perception of information The second kind of memory Researchers have discovered that we can hold about seven pieces of information in our short term memory But only for about 30 seconds We store information in our long term memory Though chemical changes in our brain As we ageour memory decays Howeverthere are techniques that we can attempt To help our memory We can remember information more easily Using mnemonicsOne mnemonics device emloys rhymes A familiar example is the rule i before e except after c Which helps us with our spellingAnother mnemonic technique is the acronym An acronym uses the first letters of series of words Such as FBIFederal Bureau of Investigation A third type of mnemonic devices is called the peg system Alphabet books They generally use the peg system when they teach A for apple for ball and so onA very effective memory device is called the SQ4RAccording to psychologistSQ4R pronounced square is an acronym for a study strategy Survey QuestionReadReflectRecite and Review Researchers believe that this system students very useful for students Who need to remember large amounts of information By following the SQ4R method students may have more success at retaining information Especially when they study for exams Finally we must practice organizing and rehearsing informationBecause we cannot develop a good memory by begin passive We need to remember a phone number or another item of information
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