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Raskolnikovs OrdinaryExtraordinary Man Theory Rodion Romanovitch Raskolnikov the main character in Fyodor Dostoevskys Crime and Punishment believes that there are two types of men in the world ordinary and extraordinary This philosophy is the basis of Raskolnikovs life All of his decisions are based on this belief such as his decision to murder the pawnbroker Alyona Ivanovna Raskolnikov felt that he was above the law at that point in the novel He saw himself as an extraordinary man in the beginning of the book yet towards the end viewed himself as only ordinary Raskolnikovs thinking was similar to Dostoevskys in some regards and different in others The ordinary man vs extraordinary man theory is not a new one however as many philosophers have developed similar theories The ordinary manextraordinary man theory is a simple one Raskolnikov reasons that since he is an extraordinary man it is acceptable for him to murder the pawnbroker His logic is that she is a harmful member of society who is doing no good so therefore he is doing a favor to the society Extraordinary men may commit any crime or contravene the law simply because they are a superior race of men According to Raskolnikovs theory these are the men who change civilization It is the duty of the extraordinary man to help the ordinary man The ordinary man is ordinary because he is inferior and cannot transgress the law He can only reproduce ordinary offspring Raskolnikovs theory was based primarily on two other philosophers theories Hegel a German philosopher developed the idea of a superman first Hegels view was that the supermans actions were justifiable if the end result was for the benefit of society httpmembersaolcompantheism0hegelhtm The other relevant theory to Raskolnikovs theory is Nietzscheans theory of the extraordinary man The difference between Nietzscheans philosophy and Hegels is that Nietzschean believes that the extraordinary mans purpose is solely for personal gratification while Hegel believes the extraordinary man is
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