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The Order of St John and the Impact of the First Crusade The Order of St John and the Impact of the First Crusade Introduction The Order of St John can be viewed as not only an innovative development in monastic orders hospitality as a direct consequence of deep spirituality - but as the first hospital order of the Church establishing a precedent for others to follow Not only did the Order provide care and comfort for weary pilgrims but aslo through the development of the order protection in both the temporal as well as spiritual spheres drawing its name from its patron St John the Baptist Foundation and Early Rule From the discovery of the grave of Christ The Holy Sepulchre by the mother of Constantine Helena Jesusalem became a Place of pilgrimage for the Christian faithful Pope St Leo granted the Indulgence of the Cross for those who undertook a pilgrimmage to the Holy Sepulchre in AD 1053 Beside the Holy Sepulchre was the Benedectine Monastery of St Maria Latina founder by merchants from Amalfi containing a house for guests and visitors This guest house slowly became more and more of a hospital for sick and exhausted pilgrims the journey to jerusalem from Europe being arduous both physically and mentally However the origional Amalfian Monastery was a dependancy while the monastery of gerard was wholly autonomus from its foundation It was a French Monk Gerard who initally developed the Order of St John into an institution dedicated to the care of the Sick It was to Gerard Greaudo institutori ac praeposito Hirosolimitani Xenodochii - that the papal privilege of 1113 was addressed granting permission to establish a xenodochio xenos stranger docheio container First Crusade and its Impact The First Crusade can truly be observed to be the spark that ignited the inferno It marks the evolution of the Order
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