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Mangas Coloradas For generations the Apaches resisted white colonization of their homeland in the Southwest presently New Mexico and Arizona by both Spaniards and North Americans In 1848 when gold was discovered in California the Apache were threatened by the incursions of white fortune-seekers In an incident at a mining camp Mangas Coloradas chief of the Mimbreo Chiricahua was whipped an act that resulted in his life-long enmity against white men Though his nephew Cochise had long resisted fighting Americans in 1861 he too was betrayed by white men and turned against them Together Mangas Coloradas and Cochise ravaged much southern New Mexico and Arizona until Mangas was wounded in 1862 captured and killed in January 1863 allegedly while trying to escape from Fort McLane New Mexico Cochise Upon the death of his uncle Cochise became principal chief of the Apaches Cochise worked as a woodcutter at the Apache Pass stagecoach station of the Butterfield Overland line until 1861 when a raiding party drove off cattle belonging to a white rancher and abducted the child of a ranch hand An inexperienced Army officer Lt George Bascom arrived and ordered Cochise and five other chiefs to appear for questioning When the Apaches denied their guilt Bascom had the Indians seized and arrested Soldiers killed one on the spot but Cochise escaped by cutting through the side of a tent while suffering three bullets wounds How did he get the three bullets in his body After Cochise abducted a number of whites to exchange for his captive relatives Bascom hung 6 Apaches and Cochise laid plans to avenge the death of his friends In the following year warfare of his Apache bands was so fierce that troops settlers and traders all withdrew from the region And upon the recall of army forces to fight in the US Civil War in 1861 Arizona was practically abandoned to the Apaches In 1862 however an army of
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