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Original Nature of Man This essay is on the original nature of man as perceived by Lao Tzu Confucius Mencius Kao Tzu and Hsun Tzu The following will be my learning and understanding of each philosophers idea on the inborn good and evil of man Hsun Tzu an exponent of the principles of Confucius represents the realist wing and emphasized on social control and insisted upon the weakness of human nature Hsun Tzu believes that the original nature of man is evil He thinks that at birth men possess the passion for profit When they follow this passion they strive to usurp all they can without regard for modesty and prudence Men are born with hate and envy When they follow these instincts they seek the ruin of others without regard for loyalty and fidelity By birth men have the lusts of the ear and eye and a passion for music and beauty When they follow these lusts they commit excesses without regard for ritual and righteousness culture and reason Therefore when men give rein to their congenital nature and follow their feelings they quarrel and grab end up by opposing culture and confounding reason and they culminate in violence Only under the restraint of law and the influence of ritual and righteousness do men conform to modesty and reason and yield to order chan52 It is because of theses desires that human nature is bad If one gives in to such desires three would be no order to the society According to Husn Tzu these desire are extremely compelling and may be overcome only under the restraint of law and the influence of ritual and righteousness Hsun Tzu believes in the plasticity of man and his ability for improvement but if man is left to himself he will grow crooked Crooked wood need to undergo steaming and bending only then is it straight Blunt metal needs to undergo grinding and whetting only
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