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Todays dogs serve as a number of different tools We train dogs to see for the blind we train them to sniff for drugs we train them to save peoples lives and we train them to be our faithful companions There is no doubt that the dog has a wide variety of skills and jobs We selectively breed the dog to gain the certain attributes we are seeking and we know which dogs will perform the best at what we want them to do The question is how long ago and why did the dog become our aids tools and companions Answering this question means dealing with the four fields of Anthropology Ethnologically Archaeologically Physically and Linguistically The most obvious way to learn about the past of the dog species is to treat it the same way we treat ancient societies Archaeologists study where they once were look at their remains Where they lived what they looked like and how they changed over time An example of using the Archaeological field of Anthropology would be the excavation of the Roman city Pompeii which was destroyed by the volcano Vesuvius in AD 79 When finally excavated searchers found the remains of a dog lying across a child apparently trying to protect him By looking at this individual skeleton we can estimate that just 1900 years ago the inhabitants knew of the dogs desire to protect They probably counted on dogs similarly to the way we do today Other archaeological digs have suggested that the relationship between dogs and humans dates to about 14000 years ago Most experts do agree the dog was the first domesticated animal was domesticated around 14 to 15000 years ago The earliest bones of dogs that we have recovered come from a site called ein Mallaha in Israel This site was discovered in 1979 and the bones date back to 12000 years old but historians believe the dog had been domesticated even
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