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The Parkinson Association of South Africa Pamphlet and Most Common Questions Asked by Potential Suffers or Their Families in Order to Determine What Effects Parkinson's Disease Has on a Sufferer
Word Count: 3,835
Category: Healthcare and Medicine
Word Count: 3,835
In 1817 a London physician named James Parkinson wrote the first information of Parkinsons disease in his essay of the shaking palsy and now in just under 200 years it has become the second most common neurogenic disorder affecting approximately 1 of the world population over 50 years old However very few people know what Parkinsons is and its influence to the everyday life of a suffer So in this essay critically evaluate the Parkinson association of South Africa pamphlet by covering the most common questions asked by potential suffers or their families in order to determine what effects Parkinsons disease has on a sufferer Before I begin to evaluating the pamphlet it would be helpful to familiarize ourselves with what Parkinson disease is how it is brought about and who is mainly affected Parkinsons disease is a progressive neurological disorder occurring when nerve cells do not work properly in a particular area of the brain called the substantia nigra which is a pigmented nucleus in the brain stem Alexander Fawcett Runciman 2000 The substantia nigra forms part of the basal ganglia which consists of several clusters of cell bodies receiving impulses from different parts of the cerebral cortex These nerve cells produce and store dopamine and acetylcholine the chemical messenger which co-ordinates the bodys movements the chemical messengers work in balance to transmit messages between nerve cells and muscles enabling a person to perform a range of co-coordinated movements In people with Parkinsons this balance is upset because some of the dopamine-producing cells are lost resulting in stiffness in the muscles slowness of movement difficulty when starting movements and in some people tremor Other significant symptoms are bradykinesia involuntary movement and many other disabling effects Scott 2002 This project from The symptoms of Parkinsons do not appear until about 80 of the dopamine has been lost and the level of dopamine continues to fall slowly over many years However
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