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There are some traits that we all possess to some extent suck as caring kindness helpfulness or leadership However different they may be in other respects most personality theories share the basic assumption that personality is something that belongs to the individual the appropriate unit of analysis for personality is the person Hampson 1995 1 To the extent that each of us has a personality thats stable and relatively permanent our behaviour will be consistent from one situation to another The self is an organised consistent set of perceptions and beliefs about oneself It includes a persons awareness of what they are and what they can do and influences both their perception of the world and their behaviour We evaluate every experience in terms of self and most human behaviour can be understood as an attempt to maintain consistency between our self-image and our actions however this consistency isnt always achieved and our self-image and related self-esteem may differ quite radically from our actual behaviour and from how others see us For example a person may be highly successful and respected by others and yet regard him or herself as a failure This illustrates what rogers calls incongruence Because incongruent experiences feelings actions and so on conflict with our conscious self-image Carl Rogers believed that our personality and identity develops according to how other people treat and regard us Our identity is an ongoing process and we are moving towards being a fully functioning person or our true organismic self 2 A newborn baby has no sense of identity but relies on instincts to get what he needs from others for his development as the childs develops he becomes aware more quickly of the importance of love and approval from others This will affect his identity development as if he is allowed to respond to situations in a positive way and allowed to express feelings freely he will feel
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