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Word Count: 341
The Parthenon is a direct manifestation of the ideals of Greek society at the time Crowing the hill of the Acropolis in Athens it is the greatest symbol of Classical Greece During the Greek Classic Age c 500 400 bc art philosophy and architecture expressed the unique outlook on the world the Greeks had and was a teastament of how they lived their lives Through the works of artists playwrights and philosophers one can see both sides of the conflicted systems of the world such as good vs evil order vs chaos stability vs flux and relativism vs absolutism Although all these subjects where pondered the main theme was always balance and harmony The search and struggle for balance was the focal point of Greece and it was the essence of the Parthenon The Greeks were materialists They created a philosophical principle which stated that physical matter is the only reality in the universe everything else including thought feeling mind and will can be explained in terms of physical laws Their materialism was expressed in an excessive regard for worldly beautiful material things and concerns They used their art to show the glories of humanity and man The sculptors of the Classic Age aimed to create graceful strong and perfectly formed figures Their art showed natural positions and thoughtful expressions rather than dull cookie cutter images Their standards of order and balance became standards for classical art in western civilization The Greeks were proud of their temples and other architecture made to honor the gods and beautify the polis city-state Their famous architectural styles were the heavy Doric columns and the slender scrolled Ionian columns The Parthenon the Greek temple for the goddess Athena is an impeccable example of symmetry and proportion The sides of the Parthenon give an optical illusion of perfect balance on all sides Their desire for balance in art and architecture represents the balance of the world order and moderation
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